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查看最新留学文章您的位置: 中英网UKER.net > 留学资讯 > 雅思IELTS > 雅思口语 > 雅思口语万年5.5, 你想过犯了常见的语法错误吗?

雅思口语万年5.5, 你想过犯了常见的语法错误吗?

中英网  www.uker.net  2017-10-10  来源: 转载  作者: uker

编者按:雅思口语评分标准在于:流利度和连贯性,语法,词汇,发音。

很多烤鸭在说口语时,时不时经常会犯些语法错误,却又不知道错在哪里,一般都意识不到这一点。今天小编根据中国考生在雅思口语考试中所常见的语法错误进行分析。请大家对号入座。在剖析错误语法之后,文章最后也给大家开启了错误统计模式,先为烤鸭奉献50项常见口语语法错误,这都是经常从学生口中听到的,看看你中枪了没。

 

易错1:时态
时态考查一定会出现在雅思口语考试中,时态错误可以算语法错误中最不易发现的两种了。它的低级在于时态是所有考生在笔头上都已掌握的很好;但一转到口头上,就很难保持了。请看以下的例子:

Part I问题:Why did you choose to study that subject?

针对这个问题,可能你知道用"the reason why I…is that…"这个句型来回答。但在作答时,基本上都会忽略所提出问题的时态,而用一般现在时来回答:The reason why I choose to study this subject is that I am interested in learning it at that time。

很显然,正确的回答应该把句中的choose变为chose,is变为was,am也要相应的变成was: 如:The reason why I chose to study this subject was that I was interested in learning it at that time.

易错2:there be句型与have/has混杂使用
这一问题的出现,要归罪于现在完成时的there be句型,如There has been a big change in my hometown.有许多考生在记住这个句子之后在想表示"有"这个谓语动词的时候都,往往会把there be与have/has同时出现在一句话中,而句子的含义并非想表达现在完成时。
如:There have many wild animals in my country.
而正确的说法为There are many wild animals in my country.
                         或My country has many wild animals.

易错3:形容词比较级与最高级
形容词变比较级与最高级的变化规则:只有三个音节以上(含三个音节)的形容词才需要加more或the most,其他的形容词都是直接加er或者去y变ier的规则变化,但是有的考生在作答时极易忽略该形容词是否规则变化,而想当然的再三音节以下的形容词前加more或the most。
如:It's more easy for me to find a job with this major.
而正确的说法为:It's easier for me to find a job with this major.

易错4:形容词ing与ed的区别
你可能可以熟练的背出"ing是形容一件事或一种东西,ed是形容人"这一口诀,但是你敢肯定自己在作答中不会犯这种错误码?看以下及组形容词:interesting与interested;exciting与excited;surprising与surprised。什么叫形容人?基本上来讲,可能出现的情况无非以下两种:

a. somebody + be动词 + 以ed结尾的形容词 + 介词 + something

如:I'm surprised about this piece of news.

b. something make(s) somebody + 以ed结尾的形容词

如:This piece of news makes me surprised.

什么叫形容一件事或一种东西?也就是:a. something + be动词 + 以ing结尾的形容词 如:This piece of news is surprising. b. 以ing结尾的形容词 + 名词 如This is a surprising piece of news.

 


易错5:动词短语忽略成分,千万别省略了介词的搭配
有些动词短语的搭配是固定的,只有把短语完整的说全的情况下才可以接之后的名词,但许多考生很容易忽视这一点。如:listen to, go to, look forward to, pay attention to等等。确保每一个说出的动词短语不会遗忘任何成分。

易错6:情态动词后不加动词原形
有的考生会因为过度重视时态问题,如一味的想着整个作答都要基于某种时态而忽略情态动词后要加动词原形这一原则。

如I thought the reason why I chose to study that subject was I could got a better job after learning that。

而正确的说法则是I thought the reason why I chose to study that subject was I could get a better job after learning that.

易错7:动词第三人称变形
在动词变形的时候,特别是三单,经常会有考生脱口而出的she/he have sth., (正确的是she/ he has sth.),又或者是I is…(正确的是I am)这样的表达。这是语法错误中最低级也是最致命的扣分错误,大家在表达第三者的时候,动词变形一定要是三单形式,还有you一定是跟are这样的固定搭配。

以上是对中国考生常犯的语法错误进行的分析。对于读完以上文字的你来说,请稍安勿躁,可以暂时收起不屑的表情。不妨在你反复去听完自己的作答录音,如果确定没有上述的语法错误时,再来鄙视这些简单的语法点吧。相信在不断的练习后,是不难做到这一点的。

 

补充:以下是统计的中国考生经常犯的语法错误的经典例子,大家看看,自己对号入座,以后不要再犯此类错误
经典错误1: “listen music” 
Right: “listen to music”

经典错误2: “she give me a doll”
Right: ”she gave me a doll”

经典错误3: “I’m from Zhejiang Wenzhou”
Right: “I’m from Wenzhou (city), in Zhejiang Province”

经典错误4: “The place located in…”
Right: “The place is located in…”

经典错误5: “it become more expensive”
Right” It has become more expensive” or “it is becoming more expensive”

经典错误6: “TV grams”
Right: “TV programs”

经典错误7: “lots of beauty sightseeings”
Right: “lots of beautiful sights” or “lots of wonderful scenery”

经典错误8: “play computer”
Right: ”play computer games” or “play on the computer”

经典错误9: “the most cheapest”
Right: ”the cheapest”

经典错误10: “more cheaper than”
Right: ”cheaper than”

经典错误11: “it will more expensive”
Right: ”it will be more expensive” or “it will become more expensive”

经典错误12: “in rainy days”
Right: ”on rainy days”

经典错误13: “my father think…”
Right: ”my father thinks”

经典错误14: “I’m a person who like to…”
Right: ”I’m a person who likes to…”

经典错误15: “we are intelligent than computers”
Right: ”we are more intelligent than computers”

经典错误16: “I like go shopping”
Right: ”I like going shopping”

经典错误17: “I like take photo”
Right: ”I like taking photos”

经典错误18: “it’s last year”
Right: “it was last year”

经典错误19: “when I’m in primary school”
Right: ”when I was in primary school”

经典错误20: “let their children to go out”
Right: ”let their children go out”

经典错误21: “the first thing comes to mind is…”
Right: ”the first thing that comes to mind is…”

经典错误22: “such like”
Right: ”such as” or “like”

经典错误23: “I often talk to my neighbourhoods”
Right: ”I often talk to my neighbours”

经典错误24: “in the past time”
Right: “in the past”

经典错误25: “in the past, clothes are very cheap”
Right: ”in the past, clothes used to be very cheap”

经典错误26: “I like there”
Right: ”I like it there”

经典错误27: “teached me”
Right: ”taught me”

经典错误28: “you will success”
Right: ”you will succeed”

经典错误29: “I went to the Beijing”
Right: ”I went to Beijing”

经典错误30: “go to abroad”
Right: ”go abroad”

经典错误31: “a people I met”
Right: ”a person I met” or “someone I met”

经典错误32: “other countries people”
Right: ”people from other countries” or “people from around the world”

经典错误33: “it’s depend”
Right: ”it depends”

经典错误34: “I will watching”
Right: ”I will watch”

经典错误35: “at that day”
Right: ”on that day”

经典错误36: “drive a bicycle”
Right: ”ride a bicycle” or “cycle”

经典错误37: “my home is just have one bedroom”
Right: ”my home just has one bedroom”
 
经典错误38: “not very much museums”
Right: ”not very many museums”

经典错误39: “many food”
Right: ”a lot of food”

经典错误40: “we chatted very happy”
Right: ”we chatted very happily”

经典错误41: “some moneys”
Right: ”some money”

经典错误42: “they are easy to forget things”
Right: ”they easily forget things”

经典错误43: “cars product exhaust”
Right: ”cars produce exhaust” or “cars emit exhaust”

经典错误44: “museums is important”
Right: ”museums are important”

经典错误45: “cars is much convenient than…”
Right: ”cars are much more convenient than…”

经典错误46: “in nowadays”
Right: ”nowadays”

经典错误47: “ I have never drive a car”
Right: ”I’ve never driven a car”

经典错误48: “I study here is about 4 years”
Right: ”I’ve studied here for about 4 years”

经典错误49: “people is”
Right: ”people are”

经典错误50: “she hope me to be a…”
Right: ”she hopes I will become a…”

更多雅思考试信息,请关注http://ielts.uker.net/;更多英国大学专业信息,请关注http://major.uker.net/

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